PMP Exam Overview: Structure, Content, And Passing Score


Ankita Tripathy

Art & Education

5 Mins Read

April 10, 2024

PMP Exam Overview

Project Management Professional (PMP) Exams are taken with the Project Management Institute’s (PMI) assistance. The core objective is to certify the experts as Managers of projects or other project management professionals. However, a very successful business organization needs an efficient Project Manager to manage its projects efficiently and effectively.  

However, to become a certified professional, you must attain the qualifications required for the PMP examinations. These examinations might be quite difficult to crack, notwithstanding your expertise and hold in project management. 

PMP Training, can help you attain the qualifications for the PMP examination. It is because it helps you to comprehend more about project management fundamentals and principles.

In this blog, we will discuss the PMP exams, including prerequisites, exam structure, and fundamental concepts. Let’s start the blog by understanding What is PMP.

Introduction To The PMP Exam

Introduction To The PMP Exam

The PMP Exam is known for its difficulty and precision. In addition, the examination offers diverse challenges to the candidates to show their understanding of Project Management principles and their real-world applicability. However, assessing is not only the theoretical foundations of concepts but also their practical applications adds to the Exam’s difficulty.

The candidate will be familiar with various principles of Project Management. However, the principles include communication, resource management, organization, team management, conflict and resolution. Moreover, there are time management, issue-solving, and leadership, after qualifying for the PMP examination.

Another crucial consideration is the great value that PMP Certification brings to both a professional’s job and personal life.  Moreover it  finds recognition worldwide. The skills of PMP finds application to to several industries and increase the value of your certifications in various fields.

Prerequisites For PMP Certification

If you have a certificate from a secondary education high school or associate degree, you can supplement it with sixty months of work experience in Project Management. Moreover, the PMP must attain  it within five years of submitting the PMP certification application. 

In addition yo,u must (if not attained) 35 contact hours of project management training from PMI-authorised institutes) or a CAPM certification. 

Otherwise, the following requirements are also accepted.

  • A four-year degree is supplemented with 36 months of project management experience.
  • Thirty-five contacts

Note: These conditions are to be met very strictly, or else an individual will not be eligible to take up the PMP Exam.

PMP Exam Structure

Exam Format:

  • 180 multiple-choice questions.
  • Involves situational responses, matching, and fill-the-blanks.
  • Total time: 3 hours, 50 minutes, excluding 10-minute breaks. 

The weightage of the Exam is divided as follows:

  1. People – 42 per cent 

    The candidate is tested on team-building exercises, leadership skills, and risk management. Moreover, these topics constitute most of the questions in the Exam.

    2. Process- 50 per cent

      Tests managing skills of candidates through budget management, adhering to timelines, and implementation of various Project Management approaches.

      3. Business Environment- 8 per cent 

        Tests expertise to deliver a value-based project that adds value to the organization and its clients.

        PMP Exam Content

        This PMP Exam tests candidates on various domains of Project Management, such as: 

        1. Firstly, Initiating: Project initiation processes and techniques. 
        2. Secondly, Planning: Comprehensive planning methods. 
        3. Thirdly, Executing: Implementation of project plans and strategies. 
        4. Fourthly, Monitoring and Controlling: Tracking project progress and making necessary adjustments. 
        5. Lastly, Closing: Successfully completing and closing projects.

        PMP Exam Passing Score

        PMI has adopted a more scientific approach by using psychometric analysis to determine the PMP passing score. PMI’s PMP Proficiency Levels

        • Represents a candidate’s passing score in five domains: ‘Proficient,’ ‘Moderately Proficient,’ and ‘Below Proficient.’
        • A passing score is also based on ranking in five Process Groups compared to other candidates and certified professionals.
        • PMI’s pass rate formula is (Number of Passed PMP Exam) / (Number of Sat for PMP Exam).

        What Are The Roles And Responsibilities Of A Project Manager 

        The roles and responsibilities of project managers are quite expansive. However, if you are looking to be one in the future, then the first step would be to have a very good idea of what it involves. There are different steps that help an individual become a project manager. Let’s try to understand them in this section. 


        Planning is one of the most basic skills, and it is indispensable to any project. This section requires an in-depth understanding of the different nuances of project management. However, these aspects form the heart of project management preparation or training. Moreover, you will find them all in the PMP Exam Overview. 

        The entire planning includes the scope of the project. Apart from it there are some issues which find attachments, to it. They include communication strategy, plan for execution, and the required documentation. Different issues fall within an individual’s responsibility. 


        One of the most essential parts of the role of a project manager is responsibility. However, as individuals, this project management training allows them to unleash the different leadership sections. 

        This is clearly stated in teh PMP Exam Overview. It means the ultimate objective of this training is to ensure that an individual sets and meets deadlines effectively. However, one of the most critical aspects of it is definitely leadership, thats for sure. 


        If a team engages in thorough planning and the blueprint, then they must be serious regarding the project management objectives. Yes, you got it right. Project managers are responsible for translating dreams into reality.

        Moreover, they are the ones who are responsible for understanding the reason behind the derailing of projects and also meeting them. PMP Exam Overview stresses the need for technical skills, creative pursuits, and at the end, open communication with the different team members in a project. 

        Time Management

        Staying on track is critical to completing a project. Time management is also one of the key aspects and responsibilities of the project manager. However, the project managers set the deadlines and oversee the project flow. It is an essential section of the responsibilities. 

        The ultimate objective of delivering a project to the clients promptly is to ensure that the project’s cost remains constricted and does not escalate under any circumstances. 


        Another core aspect of project management is the budget. For example, suppose a certain part of the project is cost-intensive. Hence, in that case, managers are the ones who take the responsibility of conducting thorough discussions. Ultimately, they successfully reduce the reason for budget escalation. It is one of the key aspects of budgetary preferences. However, management must consider all these aspects before planning the entire project budget.

        These are the major subjects that form part of the PMP Exam Overview. However, some other aspects are linked to project management, like documentation, maintenance, etc. The professionals take all of these into account. 


        Although the PMP exam is difficult to pass, proper coaching and guidance can help. A unique feature of the PMP Exam is that it is such an encompassing examination that just clearing it would require a professional who is well-trained in Project Management. We hope the above blog has given an overview of the various facets of the PMP Exam; the only thing left is to conquer the Exam. All the best!

        Learn More About:

        Ankita Tripathy

        Ankita Tripathy loves to write about food and the Hallyu Wave in particular. During her free time, she enjoys looking at the sky or reading books while sipping a cup of hot coffee. Her favourite niches are food, music, lifestyle, travel, and Korean Pop music and drama.

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